Paul Turinsky

Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, Member of National Academy of Engineering

  • 919-513-2275
  • Engineering Building III (EB3) 2310

Professor Turinsky’s interests include computational reactor physics and uncertainty quantification for simulations of physical phenomena. In the area of computational reactor physics, his students and he have mainly focused on the utilization of mathematical optimization capabilities to assist in making decisions associated with nuclear fuel management. This work has addressed the optimization of the core loading pattern (LP), i.e., where to place fresh and burnt fuel assemblies within the core, for pressurized water reactors (PWR) and boiling water reactors (BWR). The work on BWRs includes simultaneously optimizing the LP and control rod program and core flow rate as a function of cycle exposure. For multicycle applications, which involve decisions regarding numbers and compositions of fresh assemblies to procure each cycle over multicycles, mathematical optimization capability has been developed for PWRs.

Recent interest has focused on closed nuclear fuel cycles, where spent fuel is reprocessing to recapture uranium, plutonium and selected minor actinides, which are then recycled in a mixture of thermal and fast spectrum reactors. Decision variables for this application include when to start construction on new fuel cycle facilities, i.e., fuel fabrication, thermal and fast reactors, and separation, and of what sizes so as to meet the nuclear power portion of the nation’s electrical energy needs such that cost, fuel resource utilization, non-proliferation and environmental impact factors are addressed. The stochastic optimization methods employed include simulated annealing and genetic algorithms applicable to single and multi-objective problems. Because stochastic optimization is computationally intensive, highly efficient core simulators for PWRs and BWRs have been developed utilizing generalized perturbation theory and nonlinear solvers to address multiphysics introduced coupling.

Professor Turinsky’s interest in uncertainty analysis has led his students and him in several different directions. For fast spectrum reactors, they have evaluated the uncertainty in core attributes of safety significance due to cross-section uncertainty. For closed fuel cycles, they have quantified the uncertainty on radio toxicity and heat loads of material to be disposed of in a repository. To minimize the uncertainties of core and waste form attributes, they have evaluated the benefits of employing zero power fast critical facilities, optimizing their composition and instrumentation. In addition, adjustment of cross-sections to improve the agreement between measured and predicted instrumentation responses for BWR cores has shown great potential in improving core simulator fidelity. The application of this work has been broadened to the thermal-hydraulic performance of reactor systems, where now uncertainties in temperatures and critical heat flux margin due to uncertainties of thermalhydraulic parameters, e.g., heat transfer coefficients and pump head curve, are evaluated for accidents. Results are utilized to optimize instrumentation deployment in support of improving prediction accuracy and plant control.

More recently an interest in determining the overall uncertainty in predictions, which includes uncertainty originating due to parameters, e.g., code input, numerical error and modeling error, has led to work on adaptive model refinement and software verification and validation. The specific focus has been on the uncertainty in knowing the modeling error, whose determination needs to be completed during software validation. An outgrowth of this has been work on developing an Adaptive Model Refinement (AMoR) capability, such that model refinement would occur automatically to produce predicted values of the desired accuracy. In this manner computer resources are utilized at the appropriate level for the decisions to be made using the predicted values.

Education

Ph.D. 1970

Nuclear Engineering

University of Michigan

M.B.A. 1979

Business Administration

University of Pittsburgh

M.S. 1967

Nuclear Engineering

University of Michigan

B.S. 1966

Chemical Engineering

University of Rhode Island

Research Description

Dr. Turinsky's research interests include computational reactor physics and uncertainty quantification for simulations of physical phenomena.

Publications

Preface to shippingport atomic power station thematic issue
Turinsky, P. J. (2018), Progress in Nuclear Energy, 102, 1–8.
Special issue on the "consortium for advanced simulation of light water reactors research and development progress"
Turinsky, P. J., & Martin, W. R. (2017), Journal of Computational Physics, 334, 687–688.
Modeling and simulation challenges pursued by the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL)
Turinsky, P. J., & Kothe, D. B. (2016), Journal of Computational Physics, 313, 367–376.
Stochastic optimization for nuclear facility deployment scenarios using vision
Hays, R., & Turinsky, P. (2014), Nuclear Technology, 186(1), 76–89.
Optimization of thermal-hydraulic reactor system for SMRs via data assimilation and uncertainty quantification
Heo, J., Turinsky, P. J., & Doster, J. M. (2013), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 173(3), 293–311.
Advances in multi-physics and high performance computing in support of nuclear reactor power systems modeling and simulation
Turinsky, P. J. (2012), Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 44(2), 103–112.
Experiment optimization to reduce nuclear data uncertainties in support of reactor design
Stover, T. E., & Turinsky, P. J. (2012), Nuclear Technology, 180(2), 216–230.
BWR in-core fuel management optimization using parallel simulated annealing in FORMOSA-B
Hays, R., & Turinsky, P. (2011), (Vol. 53, pp. 600–606).
Many-group cross-section adjustment techniques for boiling water reactor adaptive simulation
Jessee, M. A., Turinsky, P. J., & Abdel-Khalik, H. S. (2011), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 169(1), 40–55.
A comparative study of ZPR-6/7 with MCNP/5 and MC2-2/REBUS
Iqbal, M., Abdel-Khalik, H., & Turinsky, P. (2009), Annals of Nuclear Energy, 36(7), 995–997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anucene.2009.03.005
Efficient subspace methods-based algorithms for performing sensitivity, uncertainty, and adaptive simulation of large-scale computational models
Abdel-Khalik, H. S., Turinsky, P. J., & Jessee, M. A. (2008), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 159(3), 256–272. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE159-256
Uncertainty quantification, sensitivity analysis, and data assimilation for nuclear systems simulation
Abdel-Khalik, H., Turinsky, P., Jessee, M., Elkins, J., Stover, T., & Iqbal, M. (2008), (Vol. 109, pp. 2785–2790).
Adaptive core simulation employing discrete inverse theory - Part I: Theory
Abdel-Khalik, H. S., & Turinsky, P. J. (2005), Nuclear Technology, 151(1), 21–.
Adaptive core simulation employing discrete inverse theory - Part II: Numerical experiments
Abdel-Khalik, H. S., & Turinsky, P. J. (2005), Nuclear Technology, 151(1), 22–34. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT05-A3628
Development and implementation of a Newton-BICGSTAB iterative solver in the FORMOSA-B BWR core simulator code
Kastanya, D. Y. F., & Turinsky, P. J. (2005), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 150(1), 56–71. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE05-A2501
Nuclear fuel management optimization: A work in progress
Turinsky, P. J. (2005), Nuclear Technology, 151(1), 08–.
Super-nodal methods for space-time kinetics
Mertyurek, U., & Turinsky, P. J. (2004), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 147(2), 93–126. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE04-A2422
FORMOSA-B: A boiling water reactor in-core fuel management optimization package III
Karve, A. A., & Turinsky, P. J. (2001), Nuclear Technology, 135(3), 241–251. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT01-A3219
FORMOSA-P three-dimensional/two-dimensional geometry collapse methodology
Keller, P. M., & Turinsky, P. J. (2001), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 139(3), 235–247. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE01-A2234
FORMOSA-B: A boiling water reactor in-core fuel management optimization package II
Karve, A. A., & Turinsky, P. J. (2000), Nuclear Technology, 131(1), 48–68. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT00-A3104
Formosa-B: A boiling water reactor in-core fuel management optimization package
Moore, B. R., Turinsky, P. J., & Karve, A. A. (1999), Nuclear Technology, 126(2), 153–169. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT99-A2964
Mathematical optimization of incore nuclear fuel management decisions: status and trends
Turinsky, P. J. (1999), ATW - Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Kernenergie, 44(7), 454.
Higher order generalized perturbation theory for boiling water reactor in-core fuel management optimization
Moore, B. R., & Turinsky, P. J. (1998), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 130(1), 98–112. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE98-A1993
Pressurized water reactor core maneuvering utilizing optimal control theory
Ye, J. Q., & Turinsky, P. J. (1998), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 129(2), 97–123. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE98-A1967

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Grants

NUC Contract Proposal for FY 15 (2014-2015). Formerly ACE - Academic Center for Excellence
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(10/15/14 - 9/30/19)
GAANN Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program in Scientific Computation
US Dept. of Education (DED)(8/16/12 - 8/15/17)
Consortium For Advanced Simulations of LWRs - Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(11/23/11 - 9/30/19)
Consortium for Advanced Simulations for Light Water Reactors (CASL) - Oak Ridge National laboratory
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(11/30/-1 - 9/30/19)
Adaptive Model Refinement for Reactor Safety Simulation
Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC(7/20/09 - 9/30/09)
Chair of the National University Consortium
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(10/01/09 - 9/30/11)
Collaborative Effort For the Evaluation of New Uncertainty Quantification and, Verification and Validation Methodologies-Part A
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(5/06/09 - 9/30/09)
Development of Adaptive Model Refinement Capability for Multiphysics and Multifidelity Problems (TASK AFM 1)
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(10/01/09 - 3/31/14)
GAANN Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program in Scientific Computation
US Dept. of Education (DED)(8/15/09 - 8/14/14)
Establishment, Planning & Development Activities for Academic Center of Excellence in Advanced Modeling and Simulation at NCSU
Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC(5/20/07 - 9/30/07)