J. Michael Doster

Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Director of Nuclear Engineering Undergraduate Program, Director of CASL Education Program

  • 919-515-3658
  • Burlington Laboratory 3146

Dr. Joseph Doster is interested in a variety of reactor and reactor-related heat transfer and fluid flow problems. These range from resolving uncertainties associated with the basic equations and numerical techniques used to describe multiphase flow systems to the use of high fidelity systems simulations to develop advanced control methods for current and next generation reactors. He has looked into a number of numerical stability issues associated with the models and numerics typically used to describe the thermal-hydraulic behavior of nuclear reactor systems. This research has led to the development of analytic stability bounds for the numerical solution of two-phase flow problems in situations where these bounds did not previously exist.



Ph.D. 1982

Nuclear Engineering

North Carolina State University

B.S. 1977

Nuclear Engineering

North Carolina State University

Research Description

Dr. Doster is interested in computational thermal hydraulics and reactor-related heat transfer and fluid flow problems. Recent research efforts have focused on the development of methods that allow the direct control of steam generator mass inventory as opposed to current technology that relies on measurements of downcomer level. The approach is to use detailed thermal hydraulic simulations to calculate the time dependent relationship between liquid mass inventory and transient indications of indicated level, feedwater flow, steam flow and steam pressure conditions. It was shown that artificial neural networks could be developed that predict mass inventory with sufficient fidelity to allow for the development of control systems that control steam generator mass directly. This approach effectively eliminates feedwater control problems associated with shrink and swell phenomena.


Thermal energy storage configurations for small modular reactor load shedding
Frick, K., Misenheimer, C. T., Doster, J. M., Terry, S. D., & Bragg-Sitton, S. (2018), Nuclear Technology, 202(1), 53–70.
Two-way multi-physics coupling for modeling high power RbCl isotope production targets
O’Brien, E. M., Doster, J. M., Nortier, F. M., Olivas, E. R., & Stokely, M. H. (2018), NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 433, 15–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2018.07.022
High current C-11 gas target design and optimization using multi-physics coupling
Peeples, J. L., Magerl, M., O’Brien, E. M., Doster, J. M., Bolotnov, I. A., Wieland, B. W., & Stokely, M. H. (2017), In Wttc16: proceedings of the 16th international workshop on targetry and target chemistry (Vol. 1845).
Optimization of thermal-hydraulic reactor system for SMRs via data assimilation and uncertainty quantification
Heo, J., Turinsky, P. J., & Doster, J. M. (2013), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 173(3), 293–311.
Reactor loose part damage assessments on steam generator tube sheets
Proctor, W. C., & Doster, J. M. (2012), Nuclear Technology, 179(3), 339–359.
Application of a neural network based feedwater controller to helical steam generators
Shen, H. L., & Doster, J. M. (2009), Nuclear Engineering and Design, 239(6), 1056–1065. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2009.02.011
Steam generator control in nuclear power plants by water mass inventory
Dong, W., Doster, J. M., & Mayo, C. W. (2008), Nuclear Engineering and Design, 238(4), 859–871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2007.09.001
A wide-beam X-ray source suitable for diffraction enhanced imaging applications
Kim, C. H., Bourham, M. A., & Doster, J. M. (2006), Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment, 566(2), 713–721. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.041
Semi-analytical modelling and simulation of the evolution and flow of ohmically-heated non-ideal plasmas in electrothermal guns
Zaghloul, M. R., Bourham, M. A., & Doster, J. M. (2001), Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics, 34(5), 772–786. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/34/5/316
Energy-averaged electron-ion momentum transport cross section in the Born approximation and Debye-Huckel potential: Comparison with the cut-off theory
Zaghloul, M. R., Bourham, M. A., & Doster, J. M. (2000), Physics Letters. A, 268(4-6), 375–381. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0375-9601(00)00217-6
Numerical simulation of accumulated steam generator tube sheet damage and loose part impact distributions
Shi, L., Doster, J. M., & Mayo, C. W. (2000), Nuclear Technology, 129(3), 338–355. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT00-A3066
A simple formulation and solution strategy of the Saha equation for ideal and nonideal plasmas
Zaghloul, M. R., Bourham, M. A., & Doster, J. M. (2000), Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics, 33(8), 977–984. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/33/8/314
Drag coefficients for reactor loose parts
Shi, L., Doster, J. M., & Mayo, C. W. (1999), Nuclear Technology, 127(1), 24–37. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT99-A2981
Loose-part damage
Shi, L., Mayo, C. W., & Doster, J. M. (1999), Progress in Nuclear Energy, 34(3), 231–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0149-1970(98)00009-2
Numerical stability of the mixture drift-flux equations
Doster, J. M., & Kauffman, J. M. (1999), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 132(1), 90–104. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE99-A2051
On the average electron-ion momentum transport cross-section in ideal and non-ideal plasmas
Zaghloul, M. R., Bourham, M. A., Doster, J. M., & Powell, J. D. (1999), Physics Letters. A, 262(1), 86–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0375-9601(99)00560-5
Reactor loose-part activity
Shi, L., Mayo, C. W., & Doster, J. M. (1999), Progress in Nuclear Energy, 34(3), 283–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0149-1970(98)00011-0
Stability of one-dimensional natural-circulation flows
Doster, J. M., & Kendall, P. K. (1999), Nuclear Science and Engineering, 132(1), 105–117. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE99-A2052

View all publications via NC State Libraries


U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Education Program Scholarship Proposal
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission(7/01/16 - 6/30/18)
NUC Contract Proposal for FY 15 (2014-2015). Formerly ACE - Academic Center for Excellence
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(10/15/14 - 9/30/19)
Hybrid Nuclear Systems LDRD and NUC Projects
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(1/06/15 - 9/30/17)
Characterization of Severe Accidents in a Small Modular Reactor
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(11/01/13 - 7/31/17)
Integration of a Fortran-based, Dynamic Small Modular Reactor Model with the Nuclear Hybrid Energy System Model in the Modelica Environment
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(6/06/13 - 9/30/13)
SMR Model Development
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(6/06/12 - 9/30/12)
Thermal-Hydraulic Modeling of Recirculation Water Targets for the Cyclotron Production of F-18
National Institutes of Health (NIH)(1/01/12 - 6/30/13)
Error and Uncertainty Quantification of Multiphase Flow Models
Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC(7/22/10 - 9/30/10)
Consortium for Advanced Simulations for Light Water Reactors (CASL) - Oak Ridge National laboratory
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(11/30/-1 - 9/30/19)
Nuclear Energy University Programs - Fellowship and Scholarship Support North Carolina State University
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(7/01/09 - 6/30/22)